French artists, and married couple, Robert (12 April 1885 – 25 October 1941) and Sonia (November 14, 1885 – December 5, 1979) Delaunay were key figures in the modernist art realm in Paris in the early 20th century. They are credited with cofounding Orphism art movement, noted for its strong use of colors and geometric shapes. From August 1915 until December 1916, the couple retreated to Portugal, at the request of their Portuguese colleagues and friends to escape the military conflicts affecting France. A new exhibition at the Gulbenkian Centro de Arte Moderna in Lisbon recreates the creative ambiance of the artists during their period in Portugal. O Círculo Delaunay runs through 22 February 2016.



In Paris, the Delaunays developed relationships with Portuguese artists Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso, Eduardo Viana, José Pacheko, and Almada Negreiros, who convince them to retreat to the west. “In Portugal,” explains the Gulbenkian, “the Delaunays would begin to experiment with encaustic paintings (hot wax mixed with pigment)….achieving layers of highly saturated, velvety colors, leading to pieces bursting with contrasts (now known as Orphism).” Many of the works that they produced in Portugal during these years are presented and related to the collective project that the Delaunays conceived in Portugal, which they called “La Corporation Nouvelle’” Souza-Cardoso, Viana and Almada Negreiros also collaborated in “La Corporation Nouvelle” and some of their works are featured in the exhibition.

Nature Morte Portugaise or Symphonie Colorée - Robert Delaunay

Portuguese Still Life or Symphony of Colour, Robert Delaunay 1915-1917 | Oil on canvas | 144 x 204 cm | Col. Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris | Photo ©Paris, RMN / Pracusa 2015091

Chanteurs Flamenco (Grand Flamenco - Sonia Delaunay Mucha - Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso

(left and at top of page) Flamenco Singers (Grand Flamenco), Sonia Delaunay 1915-1916 | Oil, wax and glue on canvas | 174,5 x 143 cm | Col. CAM – Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian | Photo ©Paulo Costa – Arquivo Fotográfico CAM (right) Mucha, Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso c.1915-1916 | Oil on canvas | 27,3 x 21,4 cm | Col. CAM – Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian | Photo ©Paulo Costa – Arquivo Fotográfico CAM

A Revolta das bonecas - Eduardo viana

The Rebellion of the Dolls (The Rebellion), Eduardo Viana s.d. (1916) | Oil on Canvas | 114 x 132 cm | Col. Museu Nacional de Arte Contemporânea – Museu do Chiado | Photo ©Luísa Oliveira – Direção-Geral do Património Cultural / Arquivo de Documentação Fotográfica

For more information, visit the Gulbenkian Centro de Arte Moderna website.

Gulbenkian Centro de Arte Moderna
Rua Dr. Nicolau de Bettencourt

Phone: +351 217 823 474

De 20 nov 2015 a 22 fev 2016

Hours: Wednesday to Monday – 10:00 to 18:00 (closed Tuesdays)

Entrance: €5.00

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